Jharkhand –An antique of Incredible India
Jharkhand is endowed with rich cultural heritage and bestowed amply with bounties of nature. The State is a kaleidoscope of past splendours and present glory. A fascinating State with luxuriant forest, captivating wildlife, enthralling waterfalls, exquisite handicrafts, sprawling water bodies, enchanting classical and folk dances and music and above all hospitable and peace-loving people. The State of Jharkhand is blessed with immense bio-diversity, moderate climate, rich cultural and historical heritage, religious places of worship and ethnic aspects to make the State the ultimate destination for tourists.
The State has a firm belief that development of tourism sector would not only generate immense employment opportunities – directly or indirectly – but also would contribute to accelerated economic development. This would not only ensure showcasing of rich traditional and cultural heritage of the State but also would have the cascading effect in the development of other sectors. Therefore Government is taking various steps to ensure rapid development in the tourism sector in the state.
Jharkhand –People, Art & Craft
The cultural mosaic of Jharkhand was dreamt about, shaped and polished by generations of communities which have inhabited this land since time immemorial.
From the legendary Asurs and Santhals, to the Banjara, Bihor, Chero, Gond, Ho, Khond, Lohra, Mai Pahariya, Munda, Oraon, Kol or Kawar-over thirty-two tribal groups (28 % of the total population of the state), have left their impression on the culture of the region and with them, were the cross-cultural influences of local non-tribal communities and successive waves of Buddhism and Jainism, Mughal rule and the reign of the Hindu emperors of Bengal.
Art historians ascribe the ‘oldest cave paintings’ in India, the “scroll paintings” to a Jharkhand tribe known as the Shabars, which today live on the edge of extinction. It is an established fact that Stone Age tools discovered in Hazaribagh district and axes and spearheads found in the Chaibasa area are remnants of a civilization dating back a few thousand years, 10,000 to 30,000 years old rock paintings, paintings in huge caves in the Sati hills and other indicators of ancient, even pre-historic, human settlements are found in profusion.
Most of the Jharkhand art forms are named after the tribes to which they are associated with. Each tribe has its own unique form of expression and art. Some of the art forms are as; Paitkar, Jadopatia, Sohrai, Kohvert, Dhokra, Ganju, Rana, Teli, Kurmi, Mandas, Turi, Ghatwal and others.
Similarly Jharkhand famous for its beautiful aesthetic wooden crafts designed for the household for decorative purpose. Further Pottery, Jewellery, Gonda grass items, Lac jewellery are crafted by Jharkhand craftsmen.
The Jharkhandi cuisine is traditional and the combination of various locality in Jharkhand Region. Some are traditional and others are adopted from the mixed culture of adjoining areas. As India is famous for monsoon and its beautiful quarterly seasons; mainly winter, summer and rain, that brings a variety of cuisines with itself. But, there are some major cuisines those are used in all the seasons such as Rice, Roti, Daal, Tarkari and sweets.
In general, the food cooked in Jharkhand is considered to be very light on the stomach and easy to digest. This fact can very well be demonstrated by the nature of Jharkhand food habits that have been imbibed by the native folks. Litti and Chokha also form an important portion of Jharkhand food. The mouth-watering non-vegetarian Jharkhand food preparations like spicy chicken are also popular with a considerable section of Jharkhand. The cuisine mainly associated with this state also bears a faint touch of the robust Mughals which is vividly visible in the food of Jharkhand.
Jharkhand –Festivals & Fairs
The varied festivals are celebrated in Jharkhand as a spiritual canvas of soul-stirring. This state astonishingly combines antiquity and plenty. So the festive celebrations in the state of Jharkhand are marked with great ebullience and traditional ardour. Festivals and fairs in this state make for unrestrained jollification. Jharkhand participates in almost all the festivals taking place in the country. The festivals celebrated in Jharkhand embody the robust and composite cultural heritage of our nation. Various communities of the Indian subcontinent celebrate as many as forty festivals with the complete communal concordance.
Such those few major festivals and fairs are :
- Chhath Puja
- Basant Panchami
- Kunda mela
- Chatra mela
- Kolhua mela
- Tutilawa mela
- Sangharo mela
- Belgada mela
- Tusu Parab
- Kundri mela
- Kolhaiya mela
- Lawalong mela